Anthidona was a Homeric Boeotian town on the coast of the northern Euboean Gulf, 15 kilometers northwest of Chalkida. There are two versions of her name according to Pausanias the traveler. One says it was so named by a nymph named Anthidonas and the other claims that it was named after Antha, son of the god Poseidon and Alcyon, daughter of Titan Atlas.
An important mythological person from Anthidona was Glaucus Anthidonius, who was a sea deity. It was a kind of Triton, from the middle and upper man and from the middle and lower fish. An ancient coin bearing the facade of the mythological depiction of Glafkos is preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Chalkida.
The city was in decline during the Byzantine period due to pirate raids. This forced its inhabitants to divert inland, and in particular to the northern foothills of Mount Mesapio (today called Ktipas) and to establish a livestock settlement that formed the core of the present-day Loukissian community.
Excavations have found important archaeological finds, including the temples of Kabeiros, the goddess Dimitra and Persephone. Also near the port of the city there is an early Christian royal church, dating from the late Roman period.
The ancient Greek harbor with 100 triremes that have not been touched by time
In Anthidona you will also find the unique beauty harbor of Ancient Anthidona, the ancient city with its blossomed market, the seaport of the ancient theatrical city of Thebes. It was spacious for the time being, it even had two jetties, whose mouths could be closed with a chain to protect the port from hostile raids, as well as strong north winds. In this port, 100 triremes were built after a Thebes resolution.
Today, the port is the best preserved ancient port in Greece, with parts of it out of the water, and as a rule the ancient ports are now submerged due to rising sea levels.